bavius Achieves Breakthrough Material Removal Rates with MAPAL's High-Volume Milling Cutters in Aerospace Manufacturing
MAPAL's OptiMill-Alu-Wave and NeoMill-Alu-QBig prove themselves in high-volume aluminium milling
by Kathrin Rehor, MAPAL
The machine tool manufacturer bavius technologie gmbh was able to achieve impressive material removal rates of over 20 litres per minute on its new high-end model HBZ AeroCell 160 with a new generation of aluminium high-volume milling cutters from the tool manufacturer MAPAL. The result of this successful collaboration comes at the right time for the aerospace industry, which is taking off again following the downturn caused by coronavirus.
The machine manufacturer, which emerged from the Handtmann Group, has been operating as an independent company under the name bavius technologie gmbh since a management buy-out in 2017 and has its headquarters in Baienfurt.
Despite all the changes, the business area has remained the same for almost four decades. CNC machining centres are designed and built for the precise high-speed machining of large workpieces made of aluminium.
“Over 80 percent of our work is for the aerospace industry, where our AeroCell machines are used primarily to produce large structural parts”, explains Amit Paranjape, Sales Manager at bavius. Customers are aircraft manufacturers and their first and second tier suppliers. Large volumes are required to make full use of the bavius systems.
There are currently two different machine lines from Baienfurt. The PBZ profile machining centres are used, among other things, to machine seat tracks for aircraft.
The HBZ horizontal machining centres are used to manufacture large structural parts from solid. “Everything long and wide is machined here”, explains Paranjape. “Users can machine all the necessary parts for the airframe of an aircraft on our machines.” The material removal rates are extreme, as one example from a bavius customer shows, who mills out finished parts weighing only 35 kilograms from blanks weighing 1.3 tonnes.
Trend towards horizontal machining
The aerospace industry is undergoing a transformation in terms of machine concepts. After decades of preferring to work on gantry machines or vertical machining centres, horizontal machines are now preferred for new investments, where the components are clamped upright and the spindle is moved horizontally. The main advantage of the horizontal design is the easier removal of the large quantity of chips, which practically fall into the chip conveyor by themselves.
At bavius, it’s clear that the aerospace industry has recovered from Covid. Passenger numbers have already returned to pre-pandemic levels and are continuing to rise. As a result, new planes are needed again, which keeps machine manufacturers busy. Demand in Germany, France, Spain and other countries reveals that there is a lot of investment in Europe again. Dynamic machines with high spindle power are particularly sought after.
bavius is currently expanding its high-end series HBZ AeroCell with the new AeroCell 160. With a range of mechanical changes, the manufacturer also achieves even greater dynamics with the new machine. Modifications in automation reduce non-productive times. Instead of functioning with hydraulic arms, it is now electrically powered.
With the set-up station in front of the machine, a complete pallet change takes two to three minutes. If the pallet is already connected with the part, this takes less than a minute. Tool change has also been optimised with a chip-to-chip time now of 12 seconds.
To the limits and beyond
The AeroCell 160 is designed for maximum material removal rates in aluminium. A powerful jet of coolant and a widened chip conveyor ensure that no chip particles can build up anywhere.
“Thanks to our concept, we avoid problems that occur with gantry machines. In this way, we can optimally deploy modern tools”, explains Stefan Diem, Application Engineer at bavius. In order to test new machines and at the same time provide customers with references, bavius carries out milling tests that push them to their limits and beyond. “Lots of customers want to see evidence first before they buy a machine”, admits Diem.
It is important for the machine manufacturer to use the most efficient tools currently available for the tests, which are then also available for customer demonstrations. bavius regularly tests various manufacturers’ tools.
Due to the tight production deadlines, there are not many options. “To save time, it is important for us to have a good exchange with the tool manufacturer”, says Stefan Diem. “We’ve had a good relationship with MAPAL for many years and have always been very pleased with the roughing and finishing tools. I appreciate our close collaboration with MAPAL. We receive excellent advice and are in good hands.”
Because milling cutters from the OptiMill-SPM series had previously been used at bavius and performed very well, MAPAL was asked again. It was perfect timing: the tool manufacturer had just finished developing a new solid carbide roughing cutter, the OptiMill-Alu-Wave, and also offered the new aluminium high-volume milling cutter NeoMill-Alu-QBig with indexable inserts for larger diameters.
The milling tests are kept simple in design but put the tools through their paces. bavius mills a series of flutes in a large aluminium plate for this. Stefan Diem takes a very pragmatic approach: “if the tool can do the flute, we can also use it to mill pockets and do any other machining.” This means that the determined cutting data can be directly applied to customer parts.
The tool could do even more
For the tests with the OptiMill-Alu-Wave, bavius chose the largest diameter of this three-fluted cutter at 25 mm. At a spindle speed of 25,465 rpm and a cutting speed of 2,000 m/min, the spindle power was gradually increased. Slot number 6 delivered the best material removal rate with a record-breaking 20 dm3/min.
This test run was performed with a spindle power of 175 kW, with a torque of 66 Nm, and a material removal rate of 30 mm. The machine stopped during tests at higher powers.
“The tool can be fully deployed, the limiting factor is the spindle”, Diem comments on the result. “With the 25 mm OptiMill-Alu-Wave, we have achieved a new dimension in aluminium machining. The milling cutter is definitely better than anything we had previously used.”
bavius used the Safe-LockTM system as pull-out protection. “In this speed range, symmetrical pull-out protection is very important in order not to create imbalance”, explains Tim Rohmer, Product Manager Solid Carbide Milling Tools at MAPAL. A Weldon flat, which is often attached to such tools as pull-out protection, is the wrong solution here. To guarantee the smooth running of the machine, there is no way around careful balancing, even with symmetrical tools.
The tests in Baienfurt were also met with a great deal of satisfaction in terms of surface quality. The cord geometry of the OptiMill-Alu-Wave ensures optimum chip formation. The polished groove profile ensures seamless chip removal, which is supported by the central cooling of the tool in cooperation with the external cooling in the machine.
In further tests, pockets were milled into the aluminium plate, with a material removal rate of 16 litres still being achieved with very good surfaces.
For Application Engineer Thomas Jungbeck and Component Manager Alexander Follenweider, who monitored the tests for MAPAL, this is proof of the very good dynamics of the bavius machining centre: “Other machines often stop in the corners and cause high vibrations. This doesn’t occur at all with the AeroCell, which goes round corners almost unrestrained.”
As an indexable insert tool, the new aluminium high-volume milling cutter NeoMill-Alu-QBig from MAPAL is an economic solution for larger diameter ranges. In the tests, the 50-mm milling cutter stood out with a high degree of stability and smooth running. It achieved a material removal rate of 18.4 dm3/min. ©bavius
The tests at bavius with the new indexable insert tool NeoMill-Alu-QBig from MAPAL, for which the 50 mm diameter was selected, were also extremely positive.
The aluminium high-volume milling cutter achieved a material removal rate of 18.4 dm3/min. On the machine, the milling cutter stood out with its high level of stability, smooth running and low cutting forces.
For use at spindle speeds up to 35,000 rpm, MAPAL fitted the tool body with four threaded bores for fine balancing. The high-precision peripherally ground indexable inserts achieve surface finishes of Ra 0.8 µm and Rz 4 µm during rough and fine machining. They are equipped with a polished chip guiding stage to reduce frictional resistance and heat release.
Weight was also saved in order to reduce centrifugal forces. “For larger diameters, milling cutters with indexable inserts are the more economical solution”, explains Heiko Pup, Product Manager for tools with indexable inserts, contrasting the NeoMill-Alu-QBig milling cutters with solid carbide milling cutters.
With a 25 mm diameter, the two systems merge. “Some of our customers always go for the more cost-efficient indexable inserts if possible, others prefer to save themselves an extra machining step and continue with the solid carbide milling cutter”, explains Stefan Diem. With different possible radii for its tools, MAPAL provides users with flexibility.
With the horizontal machining centre AeroCell 160 and the aluminium high-volume tools, bavius and MAPAL provide users with a combination that takes machining structural parts to a whole new level.
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